On-Site Sewage |
Land Disposal of Septage
| Drinking Water
Food Service |
Tourist Accommodations |
Public Swimming Pools
Body Art Studios |
Rabies Control |
provides primary prevention through a combination of surveillance,
education, enforcement, and assessment programs designed to identify,
prevent and abate the environmental conditions that adversely impact
Each county health
department has at least one environmental health specialist. For
specific questions please contact your county health department.
A major factor
influencing the health of individuals where public or community
sewerage is not available is the proper treatment and disposal of
human wastes and other sewage, including industrial and processing
waste. Many diseases, such as dysentery, infectious hepatitis, typhoid
and paratyphoid, and various types of gastrointestinal problems are
transmitted from one person to another through the fecal contamination
of food and water, largely due to the improper disposal of human
wastes. Chemical contaminants affecting individuals through individual
drinking water supplies have been attributed to groundwater pollution
caused by improper subsurface disposal of on-site sewage. Because of
such problems, every effort shall be made to prevent the existence of
these and other potential health hazards.
Safe disposal of all
wastes, human, domestic and industrial, is necessary to protect the
health of the individual family and the community and to prevent the
occurrence of nuisances. Basically, to accomplish satisfactory
results, all such wastes must be disposed of in such a manner that:
They will not
contaminate any approved drinking water supply.
They will not give
rise to a public health hazard by being accessible to insects,
rodents, or other possible carriers of disease which may come into
contact with food or drinking water.
They will not give
rise to a public health hazard by being accessible to children.
They will not violate
laws or regulations governing water pollution or sewage disposal.
They will not pollute
or contaminate the waters of any bathing beach, shellfish breeding
ground or stream or lake used for public or domestic water supply or
for recreational purposes.
They will not give
rise to a nuisance due to odors or unsightly appearance.
Where public or
community sewage disposal systems are not accessible, these criteria
can be met by the discharge of sewage to an adequate on-site sewage
management system. Such a system, properly designed and maintained,
and properly installed where soil and site conditions are favorable,
can be expected to function satisfactorily.
Experience through the
years has shown that adequate supervision, inspection and maintenance
are required to insure compliance in this respect.
LAND DISPOSAL OF DOMESTIC
Disposal of domestic
septage by land application shall only be applied to land with a low
potential for public exposure. This is land that the public uses
infrequently, which includes but is not limited to agricultural land,
forests and reclamation sites located in sparsely populated areas.
For land disposal,
consideration shall be given to soil characteristics, seasonal
groundwater levels, percolation rates, slope, loading criteria,
agricultural needs and nitrogen requirements.
It shall be unlawful for
any person to operate a land disposal site without having first
obtained a valid permit from the County Board of Health.
Upon request by the
property owner, the Health Authority will sample the supply to
determine bacteriological quality of the private individual well
water, provided the well construction meets all regulatory
requirements. Sampling of unapproved or non-complying wells shall be
at the Health Authority's discretion. A sample is considered
satisfactory and meeting the minimum bacteriological quality limits of
this regulation if one (1) or less coliform bacterium per one hundred
(100) milliliter of sample is present.
The purpose of the Food
Service Inspection Program is to minimize potential food-borne
illnesses. There are approximately 952 permitted food service
establishments within the Southeast Health District. Each
establishment is evaluated a minimum of twice per year. Food handling,
proper storage, holding temperatures, proper cooking, and sanitation
are some of the areas emphasized during the inspections. Food safety
presentations and classes are also offered by the health departments.
Food and Tourist
To access a specific
county's most current Food and Tourist Accommodation Inspections,
please click on a county below.
The purpose of the
Tourist Accommodation Program is to minimize illnesses and injuries
associated with unsanitary or hazardous conditions in Georgia's
inspection of more than 90 tourist accommodations.
Education and training
for tourist accommodation employees and managers.
PUBLIC SWIMMING POOLS
Swimming Pools are
inspected by Environmental Health Section of the County Health
Department. Pools are inspected at least twice annually and throughout
the season as deemed necessary by the Health Authority. Inspections
are based on the Rules and Regulations for operating a public swimming
pool in Georgia (Chapter 290-5-57).
BODY ART STUDIOS
The purpose of these
rules and regulations is to establish reasonable standards for
individuals performing tattoo and body piercing procedures and for the
facilities from which the procedures are provided. Such standards
should insure the health and safety of all individuals performing and
receiving these services.
These regulations do not
apply to a physician or osteopath licensed under Chapter 34 of Title
43, or a technician acting under the direct supervision of such
licensed physician or osteopath.
No person shall practice
body art procedures without first obtaining an operator/artist permit
from the County Health Department.
No one under the age of
eighteen (18) shall be tattooed. The tattooing of a minor is
prohibited in the State of Georgia.
Human rabies is a
completely preventable disease if the risk of acquisition is
appreciated and appropriate rabies post-exposure prophylaxis
(consisting of both active and passive immunization) is obtained.
Because rabies is a fatal disease, the goal of public health (in
coordination with the medical community) is, first, to prevent human
exposure to rabies by education and, second, to prevent the disease by
administering rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) if exposure
occurs. Tens of thousands of people are successfully treated each year
after being bitten by an animal that may have rabies. Although the
decision to provide post-exposure prophylaxis rests with the patient
and his or her physician, valuable consultations can be provided by
the Georgia Poison Center, local health departments, or the
Epidemiology Branch, Georgia Division of Public Health. All animal
bites should be reported to the local health department.
A healthy dog, cat, or
ferret that bites a person should be quarantined for 10 days, no
matter if the animal is currently vaccinated or not.
Administration of rabies vaccine is not recommended during the
quarantine period. Quarantine conditions should prevent direct contact
with other animals or persons. The quarantine shall be conducted under
the authority of the designated local rabies control agency in which
the place, manner, and provisions of the quarantine are specified. For
example, quarantine may take place in a kennel in a veterinary
hospital, animal control facility, commercial boarding establishment
or a pen at home, depending on local requirements. At the first sign
of illness or behavioral change in the animal, the local rabies
control agency should be notified and the animal should be evaluated
by a veterinarian. If clinical signs are suggestive of rabies, the
animal should be immediately euthanized and tested for rabies. Any
stray or unwanted dog, cat, or ferret that bites a person may be
euthanized immediately (or following the locally-specified impoundment
period to give owners sufficient time to claim animals) and the head
submitted for rabies examination.
The Injury Prevention
Section is housed within the Georgia Department of Human
Resources/Division of Public Health (DHR/DPH), under the Environmental
Health and Injury Prevention Branch. The main functions of the Section
The provision of
technical assistance in program evaluation and coalition building to
local community groups
The provision of
injury data to community groups and the public at large
The distribution of
safety equipment such as child safety seats, bike helmets, smoke
detectors and the dissemination of knowledge on proper use of safety
The provision of
general support to local coalition in helping promote safe and
injury free life styles and behaviors.
Some counties within the
Southeast Health District are involved in the Child Occupant Safety
and Education Program. The program focuses on the prevention of injury
through child safety seat education and the hands-on training of
parents and caregivers. By utilizing collaborative relationships with
community stakeholders the program seeks to promote sustainability.
For News Releases, click here.
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Southeast Health District
1101 Church Street
Waycross, GA 31501
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